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Health Informatics is an interdisciplinary field that combines computer science, engineering, information management, biostatistics and mathematics along with dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and health sciences. Understanding and exploring these different disciplines requires both conceptual and practical background knowledge. The dissemination of Health Informatics is considered as an important factor in solving complex problems such as treatment of diseases, protection of health, health sciences and education, drug research, clinical/medical decision making and restoring health.
Computer systems and technologies; It is increasingly important in modern health practices, effective management and education, and drug and clinical research. In order to meet the need for well-trained researchers, trainers, biomedical managers and informatics trainers, graduate education is given in the Department of Health Informatics of the Institute of Informatics. The training is carried out with the Distance Education system, taking into account the work status of the employees in the health sector.
Although the word Health Informatics directly evokes information technologies used in the field of Medicine, it is actually as old as the physician who first transferred the patient's records to paper. The word informatics is derived by combining the words information and communication, and it expresses the circulation and sharing of information in a meaningful format. According to J.H van Bemmel, Medical Informatics “is located at an intersection cluster between computer science and different medical disciplines”. In this context, it is possible to associate Health Informatics with all processes of production, collection, evaluation, analysis, storage, processing, presentation and archiving of information in the field of medicine. Medical Informatics is the highest level of today's computer and communication technology in an interactive way with different branches of science for the effective and effective use of information (data, information, knowledge) in the field of medicine, dissemination, analysis and management of this information in a way that allows for new structures. intended to be used. Located at the intersection of information technologies and health sciences, medical informatics has played a role in theoretical and applied education as well as in various medical research and development issues.
Medical Informatics techniques increase the data collection, processing and evaluation capabilities of health centers in an exponential way, ensuring accurate, detailed and reliable results on a global scale.
Health Informatics tries to respond to the need for information management in medical practice by using information technologies as a tool and includes a wide range of work areas from the design of clinical decision support systems to the development of necessary software and hardware tools. Subjects and sub-disciplines within this framework can be listed as follows:
1. Data, information (obtaining, storing, etc.)
2. Coding systems
3. Data processing
4. Database management systems
5. Telecommunication systems (Telemedicine applications)
6. Medical classification systems (Snomed, ICD-10 etc.)
7. Patient registration systems, electronic patient records
8. Biosignal analysis (ECG interpreting software, etc.)
9. Medical Imaging systems (USG, MRI etc.)
10. Image processing and analysis methods
11. Clinical information systems
12. Community medicine information systems
13. Nursing information systems
14. Decision support systems
15. Health information systems (public health, primary care information systems)
16. Hospital information systems (administrative and financial applications)
17. Information systems security
In all these areas of interest, Health Informatics;
To understand the information and communication technologies used in the field of medicine;
To contribute to the development of current information and communication technologies;
To establish the methods and principles that will make this contribution; and to evaluate the developments achieved in terms of institutions and individuals. focuses. In the light of developing information technologies, the subjects of informatics in health are increasing, which puts Health Informatics in a position that is of constant interest and application areas.
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